Rollei

ROLLEI TWIN LENS REFLEX GUIDE

The German firm Franke and Heidecke began producing stereoscopic cameras in 1921. By 1929 they had introduced their greatest contribution to photographic history: The Rolleiflex twin lens reflex camera.

1921-1939: STEREO CAMERAS
Heidoscope film plate cameras.
Rolleiscop film roll cameras.

1929-1938: EARLY ROLLEIFLEX CAMERAS
Twin lens reflex.
6 x 6 format.
f3.8 or f4.5 Zeiss Tessar lens.
Five distinct types.

1931-1968: “BABY” ROLLEIFLEX
Twin lens reflex
4 x 4 format for 127 film
f2.8 pr f3.5 Zeiss Tessar lens.
Covered with black or grey leather.
Marketed to sportsmen and journalists.
Nine distinct types.

1933-1974: ROLLEICORD
Twin lens reflex
6 x 6 format
Early models have Zeiss Triotar lens, later models have Schnieder Xenar lens.
“Rolleicord” on top part of camera front.
Eight main types with a totoal of 18 variations.
1937-1981: ROLLEIFLEX
Twin lens reflex
6 x 6 format
Early “Automat” Rolleiflexes had full automation with film advance lever that cocked the shutter, advanced a frame counter, and prevented double exposure.
Later Rolleiflexes had Automat features plus more sophisticated features such as light meters and synchro compur shutters.

All models after 1956 came with removable hoods.
Main types of Rolleiflex 1937-1981 include:

1959-1975: TELE ROLLEIFLEX & ROLLEIWIDE
Tele Rollei has 135/4 Zeiss Sonnar lens.
Rolleiwide has 55/1.4 Zeiss Distagon lens.